Indian Runner Duck Standards 2008
These standards are from the British Waterfowl Association Indian Runner Standards Review which took place between February and May 2006. The BWA Standards Committee was led by senior representatives from the IRDA.
The Standards are now published and available for the British Waterfowl Association www.waterfowl.org.uk
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Classification: Indian Runner
Origin: East Indies
There are reports of ‘Penguin’ ducks being imported into Britain as early as 1835. These ducks brought with them brown dilution and also dusky mallard genes, as well as their upright stance and prolific egg-laying capability, as witnessed by Alfred Wallace in Malaya. The term ‘India Runner’ was largely coined by John Donald in about 1890, when he described similar birds imported also some time in the 1830s. These included all-fawns, whites and pied pattern ducks, the latter being the basis of the Poultry Club Standard publication of 1901. The Indian Runner Duck Club’s Standard of 1907 described only the Fawn-&-white; that of 1913 recognized also the White and the whole Fawn.
In spite of the writings of Darwin and Wallace, most British enthusiasts had taken the term ‘Indian’ literally. However, fresh importations from Lombok and Java by Joseph Walton, beginning in 1909, rejuvenated the bloodlines, most of which had become contaminated by ad lib cross-breeding with British ducks. This also returned the more extreme upright carriage of the Malayan birds as well as the all-fawn coloured plumage that had become virtually extinct in Britain. The development was helped by more importations in the 1920s.
Black Runners were developed from an early white import that also had a certain amount of black in its plumage. Crossed with a Black East Indian, it allowed the development of both Black and Chocolate Runners standardized by the Poultry Club in 1930 and the later Cumberland Blue Indian Runner, all three of which have extended black genes.
Trout Runners were the next to be standardized. They have mallard (M+) genes instead of the more common dusky mallard (md). When heterozygous for blue dilution (Bl/bl+), Trouts become Blue Trouts. When homozygous for blue (Bl/Bl) they are Apricot Trouts (Blau-gelb in German). A similar use of blue dilution turns the Fawn-&-white (Pencilled) into the American Fawn-&-white.
Mallard Wild colour (+).
Trout Wild colour except for light phase (li/li).
Blue Trout Wild colour except for light phase (li/li); heterozygous for blue dilution (Bl/bl+).
Apricot Trout Wild colour except for light phase (li/li); homozygous for blue dilution (Bl/Bl).
Fawn Wild colour except for light phase (li/li), dusky mallard (md / md) and sex-linked brown dilution (d/(d)).
Black Extended black (E/E).
Chocolate Extended black (E/E), brown dilution(d/(d)).
Cumberland Blue Extended black (E/E), heterozygous for blue dilution (Bl/bl+).
Fawn&white Wild colour (including dark phase Li+/Li+), except for dusky mallard (md / md), the pied Runner gene (R/R) and the brown dilution (d/(d)).
American fawn&white Wild colour (including dark phase Li+/Li+), except for dusky mallard (md / md), the pied Runner gene (R/R), homozygous blue dilution (Bl/Bl) and the brown dilution (d/(d)).
White Epistatic, recessive white (c/c) gene.
Silver Wild colour except for harlequin phase (lih/lih) and dusky mallard (md / md).
Shape: male and female
Carriage: Upright, active, nearly perpendicular when at attention, excited or trained for the show pen. When not alarmed, or when on the move, the body may be inclined between 50-80 degrees above the horizontal. The proper carriage creates a straight line from the back of the head to the tip of the tail. Total length (fully extended in a straight line, measured from bill tip to middle toe tips): drake 65-80 cm and duck 60-70 cm.